Umbrella or Systemic?

Not all Christian school models are the same

By Dean Ridder, Head of School

I attended a Christian college for my undergraduate degree. In EVERY class I took, the professors had a way of bringing the conversation to a biblical worldview, and how that worldview and biblical principles affected the understanding of material we were studying.

reading bible

My literature professor would go on and on about the relevance of covenant theology demonstrated in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.  My accounting professor would use Scripture to support ethics and generally accepted accounting principles. My finance professor would quote from Augustine’s The City of God. I remember taking a men’s volleyball class, the obligatory physical education credit required for my liberal arts education.  My volleyball professor would often make analogies between volleyball and our Christian walk. I remember thinking, “Isn’t there anywhere at this college that I can go without having to make everything be about God? We even have to talk about Him in volleyball class?”

I now recognize the blessing I was given. I received a college education from a Christian college that took its role in Christian education seriously. It was unapologetic in its approach of incorporating a biblical worldview into every aspect of the school program. It didn’t just have a Christian name. It wasn’t enough that the professors and staff members were Christian. Having chapel services on Friday was not the distinction that made the college “Christian.”  The theology courses we had to take in order to get our degree weren’t the determining factor. We received an education in which all the content was sifted through a biblical worldview. What we were taught was shaped by a narrative that came straight from the Bible. There were ever-present discussions about the tension between the goodness and potential distortions created by sin found in every subject that was studied. In each class, Christ was made known as the ruler over every square inch of our human existence.

As I said previously, I was blessed to have received such an education. Now that I have gone on to study Christian education at even higher levels, I have learned there are many models of Christian education, and I was blessed to have been trained under the model I described above. Not all “Christian” educations are equal.

The Umbrella Model

One model of Christian education is the “umbrella” model. A school of this model may have had a Christian tradition, but now provides a covering shelter in which different voices can be heard. Many of those voices are secular. I read a good description of this model once. It stated, “All are welcome under the umbrella so long as they can at least support the broad educational mission of the school.”  This model tends to treat the Christian school like a public school. It follows the belief that education addresses the content and knowledge that needs to be learned and there are tried and true methods of teaching which need to be followed. The Bible is relegated as the book that addresses matters related to faith, not education. This type of Christian school might include a Bible or religion class, and might have a time of prayer as part of that class. Beyond that, the other courses would look very similar to those in public education. Subjects like math, English, science, and history would most likely have no reference to the Bible. This is because the Bible is treated as something that is only useful in matters of faith.  I will address this kind of dualistic thinking in a future blog post.

The Systemic Model

Another model is the “systemic” model. In this model, Christian thinking is intended to be systemic—clearly visible in every part of the school program—every root, branch, leaf and fruit. The teaching of biblical truth is intentional–in the classroom, in the office, in the gymnasium, on the playground, in the cafeteria, computer lab, art and music rooms. There isn’t a part of the program that is not affected by the Christian mission, philosophy and focus. This affects who is hired to teach, what is taught, how those ideas are taught, and the materials that are used to teach it.

Isaac Newton Christian Academy, if you haven’t guessed, is a “systemic model” school.  A cursory glance through our website shows this to be true. Our Student Handbook, Staff Handbook, Athletic Handbook, Mission, Vision, and Philosophy of Education all show this to be true. Our goal is to be inculcating biblical truth in every classroom, in every subject, every day. At Isaac Newton Christian Academy:


our standard is God.

our model is Jesus Christ.

our goal is Christlikeness.

our focus is character.

our basis is revealed truth.

our motive is God’s glory.

and our enablement is grace.


We are intentionally integrating the Bible into our program. You can read more about how we do this in other posts on this blog and on the school website.

Dean Ridder is the Head of School at Isaac Newton Christian Academy. He has a passion for elevating the level of biblical integration within Christian schools. Mr. Ridder is the district representative for Iowa on the Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) MidAmerica Regional Council, and the Vice Chair of the ACSI Midamerica Regional Accreditation Commission.

Mr. Ridder has been married to his wife, Jolene, for 22 years. They have three children:  Kelvin, 16, Jackson, 12, and Noelle, 6. When not working you can find him playing the piano for worship services in his church, reading voraciously, or sampling the finest ice creams the area has to offer. 

One thought on “Umbrella or Systemic?

  1. Michael Vander Weele

    Nice to find this blog on umbrella or systemic Christian education, especially since I must be the “literature professor [who] would go on and on about the relevance of covenant theology demonstrated in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.” I’m glad to see your account of what it means for the education of our children that Christianity is a comprehensive religion.

    I keep searching for equivalents to “Christian worldview” and lately have worked with the twinned virtues (at least in the Bible) of Christian discernment and Christian hospitality. I’m glad that your website shows both. Blessings on your work and on Isaac Newton Christian Academy. Michael Vander Weele

    Liked by 1 person

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